Jan 12, 2013

Scope And Prospects all Branches


CHEMICAL ENGINEERING: SCOPE AND JOB PROSPECTS?

Chemical engineering is about applying chemical principles to solve problems involving the production and use of chemicals and bio chemicals. It combines knowledge of Chemistry and Engineering for the production of chemicals and related by-products.

Working Environment
Most chemical engineers work in manufacturing industries, in research and development labs, productions plants, or management. Some provide engineering services as consultants in research and testing, design, or policy. The environment and hours that they work varies with the industry and kind of job.
Chemical engineers also work in a variety of manufacturing industries other than chemical manufacturing, such as those producing energy, electronics, food, clothing, and paper. They also work in health care, biotechnology, and business services. Chemical engineers apply principles of physics, mathematics, and mechanical and electrical engineering, as well as chemistry. Some may specialize in a particular chemical process, such as oxidation or polymerization. Others specialize in a particular field, such as nano materials, or in the development of specific products.


CIVIL ENGINEERING: OPTIONS AND JOB ASPECTS?

Civil Engineering is one of the primitive engineering fields which involves projecting, scheming and implementing structural bodies. The actual working domain includes a variety of engineering jobs right from designing, supervision and construction activities of public works like roads and  bridges to tunnels, research laboratories, aerodromes, dams, water works, sewage systems, harbours etc.
A good Civil engineer must have a strong engineering knowledge combined with excellent supervisory and administrative skills. The planning part of their work involves site investigation, feasibility studies, creating solutions to complications that may occur and the actual designing of structures.
Working domain:
Most of the times, civil engineers work in teams or in coordination with many other engineers. They can find work as a supervisor of a construction site or a managerial position or in design, research as well as teaching in government services or private concerns. They can also work as independent consultants.
A qualified civil engineer becomes successful in his department and field only through active practical experience. Put differently, a civil engineer typically starts starts his career from right at the bottom with roles as modest as a Site Engineer at the building project site.
The hands-on field exposure outfits a civil engineer so that he can work and undertake assume more important and crucial duties, such as management of more than one project sites and handling complex projects as Senior Engineer.
The scope of responsibilities also expands to include cost approximation and total project superintendence paying details to time at work  division between office and project sites.

ELECTRONICS AND COMMUNICATION (EC): SCOPE, JOB OUTLOOK?

Electronics and Communication Engineering and today’s world:
Electronics, particularly computer usage coupled with recent space age, endeavors has by this time already crept into every sphere of human activities. Every industry, institution & organization feels the need of an Electronics Engineer and a Computer specialist.
Today’s world is very much for and of the Electronics & Communication Engineers. Advanced countries in the world have gone to such depths of Electronics today that an Electronics Engineer is indispensable in every front. Opportunity in this highly sophisticated and advanced branch of engineering is just immense.
Electronics is now a part of our every day life, from your pocket FM radio to televisions, computers, mobile phones and even the high-end satellites that process and sends images.
Career prospects
Today, technology is growing at a rapid pace. In the coming future there is bound to be huge demand for competent engineers in electronic industry to cope this demand in technology. These engineers would be involved in creating and sustaining cutting edge technology to stay ahead in competition.
An electronic engineer can find job in Consumer electronics manufacturing organisation, Telecommunication industry, IT industries, Health care equipment manufacturing industry, Mobile communication, Internet technologies, Power Electronics, and Other industries like steel, petroleum and chemical industry, directing control and testing production process.


MECHANICAL ENGINEERING : SCOPE, CAREER PROSPECTS, DEMAND?

Mechanical Engineering finds application in all fields of technology. It is one of the primitive branches of Engineering which have remained always in demand and continue to be in the future. This is why Mechanical trade is called as an Evergreen trade (branch). Mechanical engineers have always been needed as an essential staff personnel in various industries of both public and private sector. Their work criteria changes according to the type and domain of the company they are working with.As the Industrial sector has drastically risen in pace, the need for more mechanical engineers has increased exponentially. Every manufacturing and production industry needs mechanical engineers to carry out jobs efficiently and flawlessly for their companies.
Working Domain of Mechanical Engineers:
As the Working criteria of a mechanical Engineer changes according to the type and domain of the company they are working with and field of specialisation we can broadly say that a mechanical Engineer works how to Design and control a system that goes into the process of manufacturing the machinery and product. He tests new systems for feasibility and efficiency and carries out Quality management and improvement process.
Mechanical engineers  work in the automotive, aerospace, chemical, computer, communication, paper, and power generation  industries.



ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING: SCOPE AND CAREER PROSPECTS?

Electrical Engineering as a subject:
Electrical engineering  is one of the core fields of engineering, so it is always evergreen in terms of Scope and Job Prospects. Electrical Engineering is the heart of whole engineering discipline and therefore it scope will never fade even many years from now. Nowadays, we see  Electronics playing an important role in the implementation and control of Electrical Machines. Keeping this fact file in mind the course have transformed from core electrical Engineering into a Fusion of Electronics and Electrical and has been renamed as Electronics and Electrical engineering or simply EEE.
What will you learn:
Electricity has become the basic need for survival, globally. From household to industrial plants, communication and satellite navigation system, electronic equipment, computers etc., all require electricity.
Electrical engineering thus deals with study and application of electrical systems for use in these different environments. It equips you with the knowledge of transmission and generation of electrical power, electrical circuit design, electronics, instrumentation, control system, understanding electrical and electronic networks etc.
The course also covers the study of electronic devices and circuits involved in measurement, instrumentation, control and protection of electrical equipments and conversion systems. Concept of computer and recent applications of computer based systems in design, analysis and efficient operation of power system, maintaining quality and security, also included in the course.


COMPUTER SCIENCE AND IT: SCOPE AND PROSPECTS?

Computer Science as a Subject:
Computer Science has been rising as a subject of interest, career and also as a necessity. The main reason being the advent of technology because of which the use of computers becoming more and more these days. As computers are being used in every department and domain now, Computer engineers will continuously be sought after for maintenance and innovation pertaining to those computer enabled services.
India has emerged as a major IT hub turning out as a computer and technology reservoir for many top class IT companies. This is why a majority of IT enabled work is done by the Indians. Companies have to put up their development units and delivered projects, due to the low cost involved.
Who Should join
Computer engineering deals with the design of computer systems, networks, hardware and software development, multimedia, data structures, graphics etc., If you love computing and have a penchant to learn and work on new and exiting technologies, engineering in computer science is your right choice.
Nature of the work
You would be involved in the design and development of computer systems, networking technologies, design data structures, creating graphical animations etc., In short, computer science and engineering study would equip you the knowledge to develop futuristic technologies. You would be involved in the hardware and software technologies, from developing new advanced chips and circuits to completely designing a new programme for easy computing and storage of data.
Scope
Computer engineers though are mostly involved in IT industries, they are gaining more demand in other industries viz.,
bank, airlines, public utilities, manufacturing sector etc., as these industry are becoming more technology oriented and computerised.
Computing professionals might find themselves in a variety of environments in academics, research, industry, government, private and business organizations — analyzing problems for solutions, formulating and testing, using advanced communications or multi-media equipment, or working in teams for product development. Here’s a short list of research and vocational areas in computing.
  1. Artificial Intelligence — Develop computers that simulate human learning and reasoning ability.
  2. Computer Design and Engineering — Design new computer circuits, microchips, and other electronic components.
  3. Computer Architecture — Design new computer instruction sets, and combine electronic or optical components to provide powerful but cost-effective computing.
  4. Information Technology — Develop and manage information systems that support a business or organization.
  5. Software Engineering — Develop methods for the production of software systems on time, within budget, and with few or no defects.
  6. Computer Theory — Investigate the fundamental theories of how computers solve problems, and apply the results to other areas of computer science.
  7. Operating Systems and Networks — Develop the basic software computers use to supervise themselves or to communicate with other computers.
  8. Software Applications — Apply computing and technology to solving problems outside the computer field – in education or medicine, for example.
Placement and Pay: Generally, the starting salaries are on the higher side for computer engineering graduates as compared to other branches. However, it depends on your institutional background, grades obtained and the work experience you have gained during your studies.
Starters can get a pay of about 15000/- to 20000 per month.
Some of the Subjects You will be studying include
Computer Organization
Digital Circuits and Logic Design
Data Structure and Programming Methodology
Operating Systems
Discrete Mathematics
Database Management System
Web Administration
Computer Networks
Programming Languages
Software Engineering
Artificial Intelligence
Digital signal processing.
Algorithms
Real Time Expert Systems
System Programming
Internet Technologies
And much more…


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